So, what are front-end developers looking for in their tech stacks? As a full-time developer, I know it comes to rapid development and UI to be easily made.
And, Our Vote Goes to React
- Reusable components
- Synchronization of state and view
- Routing and template system
Our developers would implement front-end logic by relying heavily on React. At the same time, I was surprised by how simple it was to create application with React JS.
Overview of App
The application is simple. It’s a studio management app for music teachers that help music teachers to focus more on their teaching and stressing less on the management of their music studio.
Key challenge was creating one ‘Activity Dashboard’ for teachers where they can manage all their students activities and track their progress over time. We have overcome this challenge by using Redux libraries for the building the platform and built a teacher’s studio from where they could manage their students progress, showcase them new music lessons, chat with them, compare students music playing with live music and provide them feedback.
The Big 5
React is constantly working towards improving concurrent mode. To take this forward, React Conf 2019 wrapped up last month where React team talked about improving Concurrent Mode and Suspense model. Both the features make React app more responsive by rendering trees without blocking the thread. It allow React to focus on priority work like responding to user input.
React also introduced Suspense to improve the developer’s experience when handling with asynchronous data fetching on React apps. In short, the new update Suspense let the component wait until the condition is met. React team is also working on Hooks that was one of the most awaited features of React. As per the latest updates, React hooks will be designed in a way that it supports all the important features: server-side rendering, accessibility, concurrent mode, and suspense.
Introduction to the React ecosystem:
- The React library plus React router for implementing routes.
- React-DOM for DOM manipulation.
- React developer tools for Firefox and Chrome browsers.
- React Create App command line interface to set up a React project.
- Redux and Axios libraries to organize communication with the backend team.
2. Angular 2 to Angular 9
Angular 9 going to mark a turning point soon revealed Angular team at a recent event AngularConnect 2019. According to update, the team is planning to make the Angular Ivy compiler available for all the apps. The main benefit of Angular Ivy is that it is able to reduce the size of applications.
Angular today has become very advanced and modular to use for front-end development as previously you could insert a link to the AngularJS library in the main HTML file, now you can do the same by installing separate modules.
Angular flexibility is commendable that’s why Angular 1.x versions are still in demand. However, many current developers rely on Angular 2+ because of its MVC architecture that has substantially changed to a component based architecture.
Angular has a couple of additional challenges. We’re almost obliged to use TypeScript to ensure type safety in Angular apps. TypeScript makes the Angular 2+ framework not so pleasant to work with.
Angular’s ecosystem comprises of:
- For quick project setup Angular command line interface is helpful.
- Developers will get a set of modules for Angular projects: @angular/common, @angular/compiler, @angular/core, @angular/forms, @angular/http, @angular/platform-browser, @angular/platform-browser-dynamic, @angular/router, and @angular/upgrade.
- TypeScript and CoffeeScript both can be used with Angular.
- For communication with server-side apps, Angular uses RxJS and the Observable pattern.
- Angular Augury for debugging Angular apps.
- Angular Universal for creating server-side apps with Angular.
As you know the concept of Vue has been taken from the Angular and React, but Vue is better in many ways. I’ll talk about its features, but first see what Synk report says about Vue front-end security. The Vue has been downloaded 40 million times this year and records only four direct vulnerabilities, all of them have been fixed.
For any front-end developer unfamiliar with Vue, let’s clarify several points.
With Vue you store component logic and layouts along with stylesheets in one file. This the same way how React works without stylesheets. To let Vue components talk to each other, Vue uses the props and state objects. This approach also existed in React before Vue adopted it.
One of the reasons why Vue is worth considering instead of React is because of the Redux library that’s often used in large-scale React applications. As explained in the React section, when a React+Redux app grows bigger, you’ll spend a lot of time applying small changes to multiple files instead of actually working on features. The Vuex library – a Flux-like state management tool designed for Vue – seems less unwieldy than Redux.
As for the choice between Vue and Angular, the reasons to opt for Vue over Angular can be reduced to the following: Angular is an over-complicated, full-fledged framework with a restrictive nature; Vue is much simpler and less restrictive than Angular.
The introduction of VueJS ecosystem:
- Vuex comes with a dedicated library for application management.
- Vuex is as similar to the concept of Flux.
- You will get Vue-loader for components and vue.js devtools for Chrome and Firefox browsers.
- Vue-resource and Axios tools for communication between Vue and the backend source.
- Vue.js support Nuxt.js for creating server-side applications with Vue; Nuxt.js is basically a competitor to Angular Universal.
Vue is excellent in terms of its workflow to other frameworks. I might opt for Vue because it’s less complicated than React and Angular JS and a great choice for developing enterprise-level apps.
One of Ember’s best features is its command line interface tool. The Ember CLI helps front-end developers to be highly productive and complete projects on time. You can not only create new projects with ready setups, but also create controllers, components, and project files using automatic generation.
The EmberJS ecosystem comprised of:
- Ember CLI tool for quick quick prototyping and managing dependencies.
- Ember server built into the framework for the development of apps.
- You’ll get Ember.js library and Ember Data for data management.
- Handlebars template engine for Ember applications.
- QUnit testing framework for Ember.
- Ember Inspector development tool for Chrome and Firefox browsers.
- Ember Observer for public storage and Ember addons to implement generic functionalities.
Although, Ember is very underrated, but it’s perfect for creating complex client-side apps.
If you need to design an app that has different type of users, Backbone collections (arrays) can be used here to separate the models. Backbone.Events, can be used with Backbone models, collections, routes, and views.
Introducing BackboneJS ecosystem:
- The Backbone library consists of events, models, collections, views, and router.
- You can use template engines such as Mustache and jQuery-tmpl.
- BackPlug online repository with a lot of ready solutions for Backbone-based apps.
- Backbone generator CLI for building Backbone apps.
Backbone.js is a perfect choice for frontend and backend development as it supports REST API that is used to synchronize the frontend and backend.
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